Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

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The appointment of an imam by the consensus of the Muslim community is obligatory. Even the language and arguments pooitical almost the same as in al-Mawardi in most places.

Physically and sensually fit: Female is not in position to become imam. Moreover, the jurists had, by the force of circumstances, reconciled themselves to the imperialistic order of the day, and given it to the form and sanction of religious authority.

And at any rate the conception of the state was never yhought.

Al-Mawardi did not elaborate a theory of rebellion and if he wanted to propound a theory, he could have found abundant sanction for it in early thought and practice. The State shall enforce the Shariah as the fundamental laws of the state. The Caliph is, however, traditionally elected in the capital because the death of the previous Caliph is first known there, and political considerations require the immediate appointment of a new Caliph, and also because most people possessing the necessary qualifications for the Imamate generally reside there.

Aits basic principle remained permanent and operative.

He is to maintain subordinate staff to assist him. Duties and Factions politicl the Imam: It was on account of this that the Umayyad and Hashimite race for supremacy of power started immediately after the device of the Prophet P.


His important functions are: Al-Baghdadi says that his election will be void, even if it has taken place through a properly constituted Electoral College. The refutation of this dogma was essential to establish the above doctrine. The second fundamental source of political speculation was the Sunnah.

As a judge he served at various places and was finally posted in Baghdad.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-

Al-Mawardi quotes the following tradition from Abu Hurairah: Sometimes al-Mawardi uses the documents of the Umayyad and the Abbasid periods his premises, for instance, he quotes the accession address of Hazrat Umar tuought Abdul Aziz to demonstrate the politicsl ideals of the office of the Caliph.

Al-Mawardi says if people are given opportunity to elect ploitical imam, a cunning opportunist may deceive the voters and a corrupt person may become imam. In a passage, al-Mawardi says that in case the usurper shows an uncompromising and rebellious attitude, the Caliph can call in the help of one who can relieve him of the straits. But with all the good points that can be said about Al-Mawardi, he had one short-coming, he was not a political thinker, and hence could not evolve a philosophic conception of the state.

Thursday, June mawsrdi, Except Ibn-e-Khaldoon, all the jurists, thrologists and political philosophers who have followed him, down to our own days, have hardly made any improvement upon his thoughts. The emperor or Caliph became the spiritual and temporal head of the state, his wishes and whims became law, and he was responsible to none. In the first case some scholars say the Imam must be elected by all the members of thoughtt Electoral College in all the cities. His books are the following: It paved way for further research.

The Board of Provincial Boundaries 3. Al-Mawardi holds that the election of a less qualified in the presence of a more qualified is valid if the elected one fulfills the requisites qualification.


The holy Quran is not to answer the question whether there is any need of Imamate? Imam mau be deposed if: These qualifications are three: There was no written constitution as the modern constitutions.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- – Oxford Islamic Studies Online

A problem in his idea is that Al-Mawardi stresses on the rights and prerogatives of the caliphs but ignores rights and obligations of the people.

If there is only one suitable candidate for the Imamate, he automatically becomes the Imam, and election is required. The Muslim jurists, political thinkers, statesmen and diplomats invented a political theory which affected a superficial and sophisticated compromise between the two forces.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- d.

Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums

The give justice with impartiality is a difficult and complicated task. With the passage of time Itihad was also introduced. He says that the Imam loses his title and authority on account of one of the following reasons: If it does not hinder the performance of normal duties, mxwardi does not disfigure the features or the external beauty of the body, it will be of no account. Even Abu Bakr could not devise pollitical theoretical foundations of the Caliphate, for during the last moments of his life he said that the one great regret he had was that he could not ask the Prophet to enlighten him on three problems.

Edinburgh Research Archive

The person who feels fear cannot prove himself a good leader. The only authority above him is imam.

He has also entrusted the control of His creatures to various governments so that order and peace in the world may be maintained. Garnet Publishing,xv.