Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Arthur and Gorlagon, an anonymous twelfth-century Cymro-Latin. Arthurian parody of a werewolf romance, has been understood as a wholly misogynistic text in. Get this from a library! Arthur and Gorlagon. [George Lyman Kittredge; Bodleian Library.].

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If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click ‘Authenticate’. Criticism, interpretation, etc Additional Physical Format: So Arthur dismounted and ate, and on the following day returned home a nine days’ journey, marvelling greatly at what he had heard.


Melion is re-transformed gorlahon comes to England with Arthur, leaving the guilty wife behind him. When asked the cause of all the tumult, that cunning Queen concocted a lying story, and told the servants that the wolf had devoured her son, and had torn the sewer as they saw while he was attempting to rescue the little one from death, and that he would have treated her in the same way had they not arrived nad time to succour her.

Acting on the advice of his fairy wife, hero rides to her father, is there furnished with another horse that brings him to owner of the sword of light, Niall. And when I have told you all, you will be but little the wiser. The Queen, however, having got from him that which she had so dearly wished and prayed for, began to promise him greater devotion and love, although she had already conceived in her mind a device by which she might bring about the crime she had been so long deliberating.

Here then is a simple and straightforward version of one of the themes, the main one, snd in the allied stories. The mortal hero is set in motion by an inimical supernatural being, who wishes to be revenged upon his brother’s slayer. Then the adulterer and adulteress were brought into his presence, and he was consulted as to what he judged ought to be done with them.

I call heaven to witness that if up to now they have lain hid from me, I will exert myself, and sparing no pains, I will never taste food until by good hap I fathom them. The wolf, well knowing how to capture this kind of prey, sprang up goelagon pursued the stag, and getting in front of it attacked it, and catching it by the throat laid it dead in sight of the King. Professor Kittredge’s conjecture gorlgon the three kings are gorllagon reality one and the same personage must command universal gorkagon.

Don’t have an account? He points out that Arthur and Gorlagon has been preserved by a mere accident; were it unknown the use of Morraha “in elucidating the history of documents so venerable as the Breton lais” would certainly be criticised; “what, use a modern folktale?

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You already recently rated this item. In Melion the hero, hunting in a wood, meets a beautiful woman who has come to him from Ireland, who loves but him alone and has never loved before; this falls in with a vow he had made to have no amie who had ever loved another. Please enter your name. Now concerning this sapling, it had been decreed by fate that whoever should cut it down, and striking his head with the slenderer part of it, should say, “Be a wolf and have yorlagon understanding of a wolf,” he would at once become a wolf, and have the understanding of a wolf.

We may surmise from this that Arthur and Gorlagon in addition to modification by the Gellert story, has likewise been modified by one arthr the current mediaeval versions of the familiar Eastern stories of woman’s faithlessness and punishment.

Niall afterwards tracks the monster of the hand, slays him, recovers the elder children of the King, and directs the hero xnd to deal with his supernatural goflagon, who is the brother of the monster of the hand.

Folk-Lore/Volume 15/Arthur and Gorlagon – Wikisource, the free online library

The process affects the machinery of the tale as well as the attitude of the narrator; it facilitates the change by which, following the lines of another group of tales, the transformation of the werwolf is ascribed to inimicably exercised magic instead of to a congenital attribute; its extreme development is reached in Arthur and Gorlagonpartly remodelled as this is by the clerkly Latin translator upon the lines of the Eastern stories of woman’s faithlessness so well represented in the Seven Sages cycle.

The werwolf knows nothing of the third king when he appeals to him for protection, which would be absurd if he were really his brother. But the wolf, more cunning than the rest, slipped out of the hands of those who were holding him and escaped unhurt.

Reviews User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. So at last, compelled by the severity of her punishment, she produced the sapling and handed it to the King.

Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and wrthur worldwide.

Professor Kittredge should not be held responsible for any imperfections in my exposition of ahd masterly argument, the plan of which I have not thought it necessary to retain. Please verify that you are not a robot. So the sewer was brought half dead to the guest-chamber.

Then the King seized the wolf and endeavoured to lift him up to him. Write a review Rate this item: Advanced Search Find a Library.

Now it happened that the King had to go on a long journey outside his kingdom to confer with another king, and to go at once, as it would be impossible for him to return in less than ten days. Thus by the end of the fourteenth century at the latest, a Celtic and characteristically Celtic folktale was put into Latin, probably suffering in this transition from a vernacular to a learned language those modifications which are immediately apparent, as also, possibly, others.


Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. So it was that he alone understood this matter thoroughly.

At a third attempt he secures the sword, and threatening the owner with it, learns, at the persuasion of latter’s wife, the story. Kittredgeof Harvard, from the late 14th century Bodleian parchment MS. You are pleased then to hear what follows. There can now be no further doubt about the matter, and would that power might be granted me to discover whether by some act or device I might be able to restore him to his former state, even at the cost of my worldly substance; nay, even at the risk of my life.

Your rating has been recorded. Only Melionhowever, has preserved the significant opening incident which, as Professor Kittredge conjectures, proves the wife to be of supernatural kin.

Folk-Lore/Volume 15/Arthur and Gorlagon

And he at once made for the sea, and impetuously dashed into the waves as though he wished to cross. This page was ad edited on 17 Julyat The hunt by the King takes place as in other versions; the werwolf wins the King’s favour, gorlaon at his court, and whilst there attacks his wife’s second husband, and, later, his wife.

No long time had elapsed when the wolf, thinking that he was not yet satisfied, again visited the town with his companions, and meeting with two noble counts, brothers of the Queen, playing at the very gates of the palace, he attacked them, and tearing out their bowels gave them over to a frightful death.

Allured, it may be, by the hero’s prowess, the supernatural maiden comes to woo him, as is so frequently the case in Irish mythic romance. Furthermore, traces of contamination are glaringly evident. The wolf being desirous of crossing the sea, is standing on the beach. Werewolf’s Tale itself must have passed through different stages of development corresponding to altered feelings respecting the subject matter.

The significance of this will be made plain presently. If all the gods were to cry from heaven “Arthur, atthur and eat,” I would neither dismount nor eat until I had learnt the aryhur.

But the Queen fearing that the King might somehow discover the truth of the matter, and considering how she might take her revenge on the wolf, shut up the child, whom she had represented as having been devoured gorlwgon the wolf, along with his nurse in an underground room far removed from any access; every one being under the impression that he had in fact been devoured.