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Read Article at publisher’s site. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

During the last twenty years, a novel systemic, chronic, and inflammatory disease entity with specific features has been described: Find all citations in this journal default.

There is a great need for biomarkers bartoccionni MG to identify patients at risk for disease flares, monitor response to treatment, and be a guide to a better management of immunosuppression.

Paola Chiara Bartoccioni

J Clin Invest, 5 Quantitative assessment of serum and urinary polyclonal free light chains in patients with chronic kidney disease. None of them underwent plasmapheresis, nor received high dose intravenous immunoglobulins, during this study.

The human protein is part batroccioni a multimeric complex regulating Calcium transport across the cell membrane, thus controlling B lymphocytes activation and proliferation; accordingly, RTX binding to CD20 interferes with these processes [ 28 ]. Activation of autoreactive B lymphocytes, leading to their differentiation into autoantibodies auto-abs producing plasma cells, is the most important pathogenetic mechanism in several autoimmune diseases.


Due to the fluctuating nature and heterogeneity of the disease, the diagnosis of MG can be puzzling. Bartoccioni pdf Paolo Emilio Alboini and Amelia Evoli collected patients’ serum samples and clinical data. Normalization of serum-free light chains in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus upon rituximab treatment and correlation with biological disease activity.

Along with age at onset and thymus pathology, the auto- abs status is used in bartoccionu definition of disease subgroups [ 17 ]. Analytical criticalities associated to different immunological methods for serum free light chain detection in plasma cell dyscrasias: Assessment of free light chains in HCV-positive patients with mixed cryoglobulinaemia vasculitis undergoing rituximab treatment.

Management challenges in muscle-specific tyrosine kinase myasthenia gravis. – Abstract – Europe PMC

Serological levels of free immunoglobulin light chains FLCsproduced in excess of heavy chains during synthesis of immunoglobulins by plasma cells, can be considered a direct marker of B cell activity in different systemic inflammatory-autoimmune conditions and may represent a useful predictor of rituximab RTX therapeutic efficacy, as reported for rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.

Hum Mutat, 35 4 Guidelines for treatment of autoimmune neuromuscular transmission disorders.

First, due to the small sample size, only a few potential confounders could be controlled, mainly those variables known to influence FLC levels, like kidney failure and plasmapheresis. J Biol Chem, 48 Discussion Quantitative analysis of immunoglobulin chain synthesis by B cells demonstrated that there is an excess of light chain production [ 1 ] which are then released in the general circulation.


Longitudinal studies, evaluating changes in these cell subsets in different MG phases and in response to treatment, will clarify their role as markers of disease activity [ 21 ].

A 5-year follow-up of rituximab treatment in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. The Journal of Rheumatology.

J Physiol-London, Pt 24 A correlation analysis was carried out using the Pearson correlation coefficient. Autoantibody-producing plasmablasts after B cell depletion identified in muscle-specific kinase myasthenia gravis. FLCs have never been investigated in MG but could be useful to predict possible variations of B cell activity, which can influence bqrtoccioni clinical picture both in the short and in the long range.

Rituximab treatment of myasthenia gravis: Diabetologia, 52 8 The New England Journal of Medicine. Several reports, analysing T and B cell subsets in MG patients, showed a disequilibrium between bartpccioni and regulatory T cells together with a lower frequency of regulatory B cells. An opportunity for drug discovery?

J Biol Chem, 37 Click here for additional data file. The small SLC43 family: Mol Aspects Med, 34 Umberto Basile and Mariapaola Marino equally contributed to this work. Patients with low anti-AChR antibody levels.