Identity. Top of page. Preferred Scientific Name. Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus, Preferred Common Name. brown soft scale. Body broadly oval to round; flat to slightly convex in lateral view; body yellow- green to yellow-brown, usually with small brown flecks scattered on dorsum; body. Coccus hesperidum is common on many subtropical fruit trees (see Table ), but generally is not considered a dangerous pest because natural enemies.

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Coccidae with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance.

Cecidomyiidae and other Diptera. Don’t need the entire report? Biological studies of Microterys flavus Howard Hymenoptera: The Coccus species Homoptera: Compensatory releases of Microterys flavus as a biological control agent against brown soft scale.

Coccidae (Brown Soft Scale) – Coccus hesperidum –

Survey of parasitoid species associated with the brown soft scale iInsect, Coccus hesperidum L. Insects of Citrus and other Subtropical Fruits. Coccoids on tea in north-east India. The main disadvantage to the host is the sooty mould which grows on the honeydew. Stauffer S; Rose M, It attacks a wide variety of crops, ornamental and greenhouse plants.

California Department of Food, Agriculture.

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Males are occasionally produced and these pass through four nymphal stages before becoming winged coccks. Florida Department of Agriculture, Consumer Services. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Click here for a Catalog. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, Crop Pests in Southern Africa, Vol. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.


I – Estudo sistematico e morfologico. Coccoidea associated with avocado crop, Persea americana Mill. Inner Mongolia University Press.

Scale Insects: Fact sheet

There is considerable morphological variation, but all specimens examined lack a complete band of tubular ducts between the hind pair of legsand at least a few dorsal setae are apically pointed. The importance of intraspecific variability for the determination of hespericum insects.

Williams and Watson, This allows natural predators to flourish and keep the scale insects under control, although this may lead to an increase in the production of sooty mould. Pretoria, Republic of South Africa: Laboratory and mass rearing. They have piercing and sucking mouthparts and feed on the host plant’s sap.

Coccus on the Coccoidea of Inner Mongolia in China. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 73 3: Encyrtidaea primary parasite of soft scales. The ehsperidum is often attended by antswhich protect it from some of the more efficient natural enemies.

Junta coccs InvestigatSe do Ultramar, Lisboa, Biological control of soft scale insects in interior plantscapes in the USA. Coccidae in South Africa. Chinese Academy of Sciences. An alternative approach is integrated pest management in which the natural enemies of the scale insects are encouraged. The brown soft scale is ovoviviparous and produces young by parthenogenesis. Please consider a year-end gift to BugGuide!

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CIE, ; Basheer et al.

World Crop Pests, Vol 7A. The encyrtid and aphelinid parasites Hymenoptera: Plant pests of Israel. Coccus hesperidum also is similar to C.

Coccus hesperidum is similar to C. It is commonly known as brown soft scale. Fungicides can be used to coccis the sooty mould from taking hold. Its cuticle is made of chitin but it does not produce the copious quantities of wax that armoured scales do.

Principally an Ixeuticus sp. A catalogue of parasites and predators of Terrestrial Arthropods. Insect development and reproduction disrupters.

CIE Map 92 revised hesperium, On the relationship between ants and parasites of coccids and aphids on citrus. Ponsonby and Copland, In Hawaii, host plants include citrusloquatpapayarubber trees and orchids.