Kenneth Kaunda was born in Chinsali, the Northern Province of Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). Kaunda was a qualified teacher and taught. Kenneth Kaunda is a Zambian revolutionary and politician who served as the first president of the country. This biography profiles his childhood. Find Kenneth Kaunda biography and history on AllMusic – Kaunda is, of course, better known as the.
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Both taught among the Bemba ethnic group in northern Zambia, where young Kaunda received his early education, completing secondary school in the early s.
Kaunda, Kenneth ( ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed
Like the majority of Africans in colonial Zambia who achieved some measure of middle-class status, he also began to teach, first in colonial Bography and in the middle s in Tanganyika now Tanzania.
Kaunda returned kennerh Zambia in In that year he became interpreter and adviser on African affairs to Sir Stewart Gore-Browne, a liberal white settler and a member of the Northern Rhodesian Legislative Council.
Kaunda acquired knowledge of the colonial government as well as political skills, both of which served him well when later that year he joined the African National Congress ANCthe first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia. Kaunda became president of the new organization and skillfully used it to forge a militant policy against the British plan for a federation of the three central African colonies—Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland.
African leaders opposed and feared any such federation because it would tend to place ultimate power in the hands of a white minority of settlers.
His campaign had two major results: Kaunda was released from prison by the colonial government on January 8, In December the British colonial authorities invited Kaunda and several other UNIP leaders kaaunda participate in discussions on the status of the three colonies at a conference in London.
Early in the following year the British government announced that formal decolonization of Zambia would commence. The first major elections leading to final decolonization were held in October The constitutional proposals upon which the election was based provided the European settlers in Northern Rhodesia with a disproportionate share of the votes.
It was this same skill kenneth enabled Kaunda kaubda negotiate further constitutional advances, and in Zambia was granted independence with Kaunda as its president.
Like other African leaders, Kaunda faced many complex postindependence problems, especially the issue of tribalism. He succeeded in continuing to negotiate on this issue, saving Zambia the trauma of tribal civil war.
Nevertheless, interparty political violence occurred biograpjy the jaunda ofin which Kaunda and his party were returned to power. While investing large sums in the mining sector, the government neglected agriculture while nevertheless having to spend increasing sums on subsidized food for the urban poor. From the s on, the result of these policies was the progressive impoverishment of Zambia; unemployment rose, living standards steadily declined, and the provision of education and other social services decayed.
In foreign affairs, Kaunda led other countries of southern Africa in confronting the white-minority governments of Rhodesia now Zimbabwe and South Africa. In Kaunda assumed emergency powersand he was reelected as president in one-candidate elections in and Several attempted coups against him in the early s were squelched.
With public dissatisfaction mounting and a credible political opposition in the process of formation, Kaunda in legalized opposition parties and set the stage for free, multiparty elections in He planned to run against Chiluba in the presidential election but was barred from doing so after constitutional amendments were passed that made him ineligible.
On December 25,Kaunda was arrested on charges of inciting an attempted coup that had occurred earlier that year in October. He was released six days later, but he was placed under house arrest until all charges were withdrawn in June However, the lack of agreement regarding his successor caused a rift within the UNIP, and ultimately Kaunda did not resign until In March a judge ruled that Kaunda should be stripped of his Zambian citizenship because his parents were from Malawi and, kfnneth, because of that fact, Kaunda had held office illegally for most of his period in government.
Kaunda mounted a challenge, and his citizenship was restored the next year when the petition that generated the court ruling was withdrawn.
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