Manual urgente para radialistas apasionados. Front Cover. José Ignacio López Vigil. José Ignacio López, – pages. MANUAL URGENTE PARA RADIALISTAS APASIONADAS Y APASIONADOS . A production of María and José Ignacio López Vigil, with the support of the Syd. José Ignacio Lopez Vigil is the author of Las mil y una historias de Radio Venceremos ( avg Manual urgente para radialistas apasionadas y apasionados.

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This article compiles extracts from the first and last chapters of his book, Manual urgente para radialistas apasionadospublished by the Group of Eight, Quito, How does it defend itself against television? In an international edition of Radio World I figil The study also demonstrated that the public believes radio has more credibility than television.

What is Community Radio?

The spaces with live announcers received The doomsayers must be shown the data: Ecuador, with 12 million inhabitants, has radio stations. No communications medium has as much penetration as radio, reaching almost the entire Latin American and Caribbean population. Radio is listened to more today than it was in the s. The change now is that people also watch more television. More movies are seen—though not in movie theaters—and people speak more by telephone, surf Internet more, consume more hours than ever accessing all the media available to them.

Each medium is unique and has its own space loepz daily life, with its advantages and limitations, its fans and its critics. But they all exist together. It’s like when a late visitor arrives; we look for one more chair and the circle of friends grows.

No one leaves; everyone accommodates themselves in the room. When radio was born, the written press was full of jealousy, radalistas that the new media would offer more immediate information. The newspapers were so indignant that they prohibited radio from using them as an information source. They prohibited press agencies from selling information to radio stations. Desperate, they tried to pass laws radialisyas radio from transmitting news.

Naturally, these intolerant actions were unsuccessful. World War II was what manifested radio’s informational importance. The public was desperate to know what was happening and didn’t want to wait until the next day to read about it in the newspapers. The radio gave hot news, and took over informational primacy forever. Given this, the newspapers readjusted their functions, discovering a new responsibility for more analysis, confirmation of facts, and interpretation of a confusing and complex world.

Manual urgente para radialistas apasionados – José Ignacio López Vigil – Google Books

In the same way, when television appeared, radio readjusted, changing from a family event to individual company.

To accompany loneliness and enliven company, to find out what is happening right away and put one’s own weighty problems aside radialisfas awhile; that is radio, like those all-terrain vehicles, for every situation.

Radio, already rejuvenated by raeialistas mobility offered by transistors, was embellished even more with the development of the FM dial—a new band on the spectrum, covering less distance but with better quality, especially for music stations—and with stereo. Radio is enjoying excellent health today. Broadcasting through raeialistas digital frequencies DIBtransmitting not only over hertzian waves, but also via fiber optics and satellites, high fidelity reception with digitalized stereo systems, means that radio is fully participating in the revolution of new technologies and the multimedia universe.


More and more stations are offering complete 24 hour programming on Internet. With a small battery-powered receiver, dozens vkgil multimedia channels can be captured via satellite. Digital vigol eliminate all spurious noise and allow the making of copies, and copies of copies, without losing quality from one generation to another.

DAT, minidiscs and direct taping to the computer hard drive are rapidly substituting magnetophonics. Never has Bertolt Brecht’s prediction been so fulfilled as today: Television changed the role of radiakistas. And today, the globalization of culture and the technological revolution has changed all the mass communications media.

It is clear that communications media were always in the middle of life. The people gathered vigl a storybook, a movie screen, or a radio. What role do the media have, especially the mass media? The same thing happens with judges, unions, police, businesspeople, presidents, and the political and economic system in general. The gap is filled by churches, which continue to earn a good score: And the communications media: What does this mean? At the very least, it necessitates three new roles for social communications media.

It is worth looking at the significance of each one. They Legitimize What They Transmit At the end ofthen Ecuadorian Minister of Education Sandra Correa, with a political trial pending for having plagiarized her doctoral thesis, took a plane and—with plenty of press coverage—traveled to Calcutta to be blessed by the dying Mother Teresa. mankal

In this coarse way the minister hoped to legitimize herself with the religious Ecuadorian public. What does legitimizing mean? Guaranteeing the authenticity of something or someone, their conformity to law. The legitimate child is recognized as such by his or her parents. When someone legitimizes someone else, they give it value and importance.

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Traditionally, different institutions legitimized people: If you had a diploma or a public post, you could rise socially. The problem was that studies and ranks can’t be seen in one’s face.

So what purpose do they serve? That is why uniforms and all the other paraphernalia of authority were invented, so that everyone would recognize the social categories of others, legitimized by such and such an institution The problem is that these legitimizing institutions have themselves lost legitimacy, especially the political institutions.

It is difficult for them to credit to a third party what they themselves do not possess. The communications media do legitimize, because the public believes what it hears and sees through them. People trust in the words and images presented. The media confirm events, situations, opinions and people. Appearing on radio or television dresses one in a uniform more noticeable than that of Cardinals and Colonels, gives one more appearance than the representative’s mansion or the ambassador’s limousine, because the screen and the microphone make one visible and audible to thousands, millions of people.

As the world gets bigger apazionados more apasoinados, as society gets more anonymous, the media offer more prestige. The word fame comes from a Greek root that means to shine. The communications media, like King Midas, make everything they touch turn brilliant. They Establish Reality What the media bring to public light and to the public ear retains value. What is published has value. And now comes the corollary: Isaac Asimov explains how, in remote times, the majority of human beings, dedicated to agriculture or tending flocks, had parx idea what happened over the next apasiknados, and many didn’t even know what empire they belonged to.


They were content to simply live and die on their plot of land and, on special occasions, go from their community to a neighboring one. Merchants and soldiers were the only ones who knew about other towns, who visited lands with no name, who went beyond the horizon.

When these travelers returned, they related amazing tales, adventures with giant cyclops and marine monsters. Only they had seen and heard, and they had to be believed. What Marco Polo told about his travels was true. And what he didn’t tell did not exist. Today, in our global village, after so many centuries and so many scientific advances, something similar is happening.

The communications media are the new merchants of reality.

If it isn’t on the screen or the microphones it’s as if it never happened. What the media affirms remains affirmed. What it ignores does not exist. We’re accustomed to saying that the media tell us what is happening in our country and in the world. But we have to go farther; not only do they tell us, but they decide on and establish reality. In other words, facts are consumed in the news.

We live a virtual reality as seen through the media. In smaller societies, other spaces prevail to exchange information, from the canteen to the town square, from the market to Sunday mass. Now the television set and the radio are the new plaza.

Before, journalists ran behind the politicians. Now it’s the reverse. Politicians present themselves to the stations, beg for an interview, and are always available even for a second-string reporter.

The media create the scenery for the world and its ups and downs to make sense. Those who rise in the charts stay in focus and in front of the lights. Those who don’t remain in the darkness. What is termed the political scene has been built on that structure: Broaden the scenario, present the most varied points of view.

Pluralism of opinions within the media, and media pluralism within society, guarantee democracy and human intelligence itself.

The monopoly of communication would reduce us to a situation worse than that of Asimov’s peasants. We would end up like mules, with reins and blinders. They Represent Citizens Who appears once, has value. Who appears many times, has great value.